isConsecutive

Language/Type: Java Collections Stacks and Queues
Author: Stuart Reges (on 2014/02/13)

Write a method called isConsecutive that takes a stack of integers as a parameter and that returns whether or not the stack contains a sequence of consecutive integers starting from the bottom of the stack (returning true if it does, returning false if it does not).

Consecutive integers are integers that come one after the other, as in 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, etc. So if a stack s stores the following values:

```        bottom [3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10] top
```

then the call:

```       isConsecutive(s)
```

```        bottom [3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12] top
```

then the call should return false because the numbers 10 and 12 are not consecutive. Notice that we look at the numbers starting at the bottom of the stack. The following sequence of values would be consecutive except for the fact that it appears in reverse order, so the method would return false:

```        bottom [3, 2, 1] top
```

Your method must restore the stack so that it stores the same sequence of values after the call as it did before. Any stack with fewer than two values should be considered to be a list of consecutive integers.

You are to use one queue as auxiliary storage to solve this problem. You may not use any other auxiliary data structures to solve this problem, although you can have as many simple variables as you like. You also may not solve the problem recursively. Your solution must run in O(n) time where n is the size of the stack. Use the Stack and Queue structures described in the cheat sheet and obey the restrictions described there.